Tuesday, February 27, 2024

Remains of Neolithic Period discovered at Somasila

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A Neolithic celt made out of solarising stone was discovered at Somasila village, Kollapur Mandal in Nagarkurnool district of Telangana state. The discovery was made by Dr E. Sivanagireddy, archaeologist and CEO, Cultural Centre of Vijayawada and Amaravati.

While on a thorough survey of archaeological remains in and around Somasila village which is located on the left bank of the river Krishna, Dr. Reddy spotted a Neolithic tool (axe) measuring 4 x 2 x 1 inch with very sharp cutting edge.

The celt is coated with a patina of lime and ash denoting that it was dumped in a pit after its usage. Basing on the similar evidence found at a nearby village Chinnamarur where Neolithic habitation was excavated by the then state Department of Archaeology and Museums in the early 1980s and the features of the stone tool noticed at Somalia village, Dr Sivanagireddy dates it to the period between 4000-2000 Years BC during which domestication of animals, intensifying of agriculture and settling at one place began.

The celt was noticed in the agricultural field of Telugu Pentaiah of the same village from which Neolithic tools like discoids, pestles and grinding stones were recovered two decades ago by Dr Reddy that are now kept the local museum.

He appealed to the state Department of Heritage Telangana to take up scientific survey to know the archaeological potential of the site. Dr Reddy mentioned that close to Somasila village, prehistoric rock paintings are seen at Amaragiri-Bollaram.

He opined that there is a lot of scope for introducing Somasila as a multi-tourism spot, with its ancient temples (belonging to 7th-17th centuries AD) offering pilgrimage tourism, rock paintings indicating archaeological tourism, and vast water body, chain of hillocks and lush green picturesque spots representing eco-tourism.

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